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The complex geometry of Islamic design – Eric Broug


In Islamic culture,
geometry is everywhere. You can find it in mosques,
madrasas, palaces and private homes. This tradition began in the 8th century CE
during the early history of Islam, when craftsmen took preexisting motifs
from Roman and Persian cultures and developed them into new forms
of visual expression. This period of history was a golden age
of Islamic culture, during which many achievements
of previous civilizations were preserved and further developed, resulting in fundamental advancements
in scientific study and mathematics. Accompanying this was an increasingly
sophisticated use of abstraction and complex geometry in Islamic art, from intricate floral motifs
adorning carpets and textiles, to patterns of tilework that seemed
to repeat infinitely, inspiring wonder
and contemplation of eternal order. Despite the remarkable complexity
of these designs, they can be created
with just a compass to draw circles and a ruler to make lines within them. And from these simple tools emerges
a kaleidoscope multiplicity of patterns. So how does that work? Well, everything starts with a circle. The first major decision
is how will you divide it up? Most patterns split the circle
into four, five or six equal sections. And each division gives rise
to distinctive patterns. There’s an easy way to determine
whether any pattern is based on fourfold, fivefold, or sixfold symmetry. Most contain stars surrounded
by petal shapes. Counting the number
of rays on a starburst, or the number of petals around it, tells us what category
the pattern falls into. A star with six rays,
or surrounded by six petals, belongs in the sixfold category. One with eight petals is part
of the fourfold category, and so on. There’s another secret ingredient
in these designs: an underlying grid. Invisible, but essential to every pattern, the grid helps determine the scale
of the composition before work begins, keeps the pattern accurate, and facilitates the invention
of incredible new patterns. Let’s look at an example of how these
elements come together. We’ll start with a circle within a square,
and divide it into eight equal parts. We can then draw a pair
of criss-crossing lines and overlay them with another two. These lines are called construction lines, and by choosing a set of their segments, we’ll form the basis
of our repeating pattern. Many different designs are possible
from the same construction lines just by picking different segments. And the full pattern finally emerges when we create a grid with many
repetitions of this one tile in a process called tessellation. By choosing a different set
of construction lines, we might have created this pattern, or this one. The possibilities are virtually endless. We can follow the same steps
to create sixfold patterns by drawing construction lines
over a circle divided into six parts, and then tessellating it,
we can make something like this. Here’s another sixfold pattern
that has appeared across the centuries and all over the Islamic world, including Marrakesh, Agra, Konya
and the Alhambra. Fourfold patterns fit in a square grid,
and sixfold patterns in a hexagonal grid. Fivefold patterns, however,
are more challenging to tessellate because pentagons
don’t neatly fill a surface, so instead of just creating
a pattern in a pentagon, other shapes have to be added
to make something that is repeatable, resulting in patterns that may seem
confoundingly complex, but are still relatively simple to create. Also, tessellation is not constrained
to simple geometric shapes, as M.C. Escher’s work demonstrates. And while the Islamic
geometric design tradition doesn’t tend to employ elements
like fish and faces, it does sometimes make use of multiple
shapes to craft complex patterns. This more than 1,000-year-old tradition
has wielded basic geometry to produce works that are intricate,
decorative and pleasing to the eye. And these craftsmen prove just how
much is possible with some artistic intuition, creativity,
dedication and a great compass and ruler.

Jean Kelley

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100 COMMENTS

  1. Instant Hub: Posted on August 9, 2019 at 10:23 am

    I always wondered how they were created.
    Wow!

    Reply
  2. Salman al Halaby Posted on August 9, 2019 at 10:30 am

    11/9 was an inside job, cia recruited Osama and guess who has been arming and funding the illiterate gangsters they lovingly call rebels of democracy/isis/mices/bs in the nato proxy wars on Libya and Syria? Us, UK, Israel and the heretic Saudis. The refugee mess was direct result of criminal wars by us and UK, carrying out zionist game plan.

    Reply
  3. victor ramirez villanueva Posted on August 9, 2019 at 11:03 am

    Excelente video..

    Reply
  4. Eduardo Passeto Posted on August 9, 2019 at 2:08 pm

    This is also the geometric base of our cathedrals…

    Reply
  5. peace and love Posted on August 9, 2019 at 2:10 pm

    It is not Islamic it is Persian and Turkish,Islam is a faith not source of engineering.

    Reply
  6. onelovitHD Posted on August 9, 2019 at 3:03 pm

    when islam had all it's chakras working..

    now it is on root chakra, just like everybody else ^^

    Reply
  7. samar malik Posted on August 9, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    Peace.
    Thank you for an inspiring unbiased effort with brill contribution from Ted.Ed.
    I've liked, & subscribed with the bell!

    Thank you again & regards

    Reply
  8. samar malik Posted on August 9, 2019 at 5:50 pm

    P.S. pleasant RP pronunciation with an artistic tone of voice by Addison Anderson, really complimentary to the lesson by Eric Broug & rightfully deserving a second mention Ted Ed.

    Reply
  9. Rob Gadiner Posted on August 9, 2019 at 6:56 pm

    They're still a few millenia late to the party.

    Reply
  10. Nisa Kankuş Posted on August 9, 2019 at 8:40 pm

    From turkey😍😍🤗❤

    Reply
  11. shray shukla Posted on August 9, 2019 at 9:04 pm

    Most Fç@kïñg religion on Earth

    Reply
  12. miinaramzan _ Posted on August 10, 2019 at 1:23 am

    That compass and ruler always remind me of freemason but they're not muslim tho

    Reply
  13. Ade Putera Posted on August 10, 2019 at 5:22 am

    The comment section showed just how different ted-ed audience compared to other channel 🙂

    Reply
  14. O daif G Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:10 am

    arabic translation is bad and not complet wich give a lot of uncompleted (wrong) infos and it make it sems that the islamic culture just copied other cultures please correct the translation

    الترجمة العربية سيئة و غير مكتملة ما يعطي الكثير من المعلومات الخاطئة او الغير كاملة و توحي بأن الثقافة الاسلامية نسخت الثقافات الاخرى. الرجاء تصحيح الترجمة

    Reply
  15. Razee Taushif Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:26 am

    And now not even 500 universities are there in islamic world…so sad

    Reply
  16. Abdülkadir Bayram Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:42 am

    This is not only islamic. This is mixed turkish culture and islamic culture. Anatolian mosques have a lot of geometric shapes. They made by Selcuklu Emp. and Ottoman Emp.

    Reply
  17. Hop Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:58 am

    Not all tilings are as simple. Specially, the 3d ones such as the one at Isfehan's Imam mosque https://external-preview.redd.it/rFktqiEYPBeFDgBtvP_dJP3snPxgU9GKzpiZaTMbHBA.jpg?auto=webp&s=2708673877bf2187ea18c0786ab5e3df896a713b

    Reply
  18. sumesh rajurkar Posted on August 10, 2019 at 6:58 am

    Art progressed only when there was peace in the society. Religion was meant to bring peace. Every one who craves to bring ideal society, must understand this … religion is a means to bring peace not aim in itself. It's art and science that really matters in progress of society.

    Reply
  19. itai bachar Posted on August 10, 2019 at 7:35 am

    The reason Muslims draw just patterns is from their belief that the creation of living forms is unique to God, and mere humans arent allowed to "create" such stuff in a drawing. In Judaism there's a similar ban on creating "god" like figures, but it is less strict.

    Reply
  20. Bundeskanzler brat tack Biodeutscher Posted on August 10, 2019 at 7:50 am

    It is only geometry. Mehmmed did not talk about geometry.

    Reply
  21. kiran dev Posted on August 10, 2019 at 9:03 am

    They invaded or stole from others!!!

    Reply
  22. zinedine Posted on August 10, 2019 at 11:36 am

    These are mostly moroccan designs…

    Reply
  23. Mikra B Posted on August 10, 2019 at 12:55 pm

    Duh, the Muslim faith was planted by Catholics and Catholicism is a masonic designed mocking religion. They fancy their ancient gematria/ geometry.
    Muhammad was coached by a catholic monk after his time as an orphan.
    Islam is a young faith littered with falsehoods by the mocking church that planted that lie. Deal with it, truth is irrefutable.

    Reply
  24. Mahdi Gazari Posted on August 10, 2019 at 1:27 pm

    You deliberately removed Persian science and Architecture and called it Islamic for next step to remove Persian name from that . It’s not work baby

    Reply
  25. Nugraha Rendra Posted on August 10, 2019 at 3:43 pm

    I barely knew that they adopted the Roman and Persian art in the early period of Islam. Earlier i thought because in Islam, its forbidden to paint a living creature, so they use plants and many other things including the complex geometry. Well thanks to this channel !

    Reply
  26. Jesse Quinn Harrison Posted on August 10, 2019 at 5:56 pm

    ¿¿¿“In a ppPppentagon other (((>shapes<))) have to be added to make something repeatable”???

    “4-fold pattern fit in a square grid.”

    “6-fold patterns in a hexagonal grid.”

    “V-fold patterns however, are more challenging to tessellate because ppPppentagons don’t neatly fill a surface. So instead of just creating a pattern in a pentagon other ‘shapes’ have to be added to make something repeatable resulting in patterns that may seem confounding complex, but are relatively simple to create.”

    https://youtu.be/pg1NpMmPv48?t=220

    Reply
  27. Round Posted on August 10, 2019 at 7:35 pm

    Don’t let Fox News see this.

    Reply
  28. Sarah Gh Posted on August 10, 2019 at 8:04 pm

    Wooow that's just fascinating 😍❤ I love how u explaned that gorgeous art.

    Reply
  29. Jose Garza Posted on August 10, 2019 at 8:32 pm

    Ted-Ed are you going to do a positive video about other religions as well?

    Reply
  30. Sayan Sarkar Posted on August 10, 2019 at 8:45 pm

    All these knowledge they gained from Indian Universities. Then their army invades India and changes the history. Geometry was invented and practiced by Hindus. Arabic barbarians had no deep knowledge on anything untill they came to India.

    Reply
  31. Sodom 1611 Posted on August 10, 2019 at 10:58 pm

    reason is, to making picture is forbidden in islam..'only the god able to create something'

    Reply
  32. Halcyon Faysal Posted on August 11, 2019 at 3:38 am

    wow…amazing….

    Reply
  33. ILHAM JOERDISON Posted on August 11, 2019 at 10:18 am

    Chaos and order

    Reply
  34. Shihab Uddin Posted on August 12, 2019 at 3:47 am

    There is no such things like ''Islamic Geometry". These are middle eastern Arabs works. It is a fact that they adopted Islam. Perhaps Islam inspired their creativity in a way.

    Reply
  35. 10,000 subscribers with no videos Posted on August 12, 2019 at 7:33 am

    It mesmerizing but also saddens me that, our ancestors were more progressive than Muslims we are today. Islam is not just a religion but also a lifestyle. It shows you all the prime things to live, from eating foods to all the way to science and politics. And after spending 18 springs of my life I just realized that, People from our own community and society has tried to twist these thing in a bad way to match their selfish needs (whatever a bad cleric do to gain fame and reach). Whenever I looked at the old ways of Islam I felt" just" yet the ways I am seeing isn't just as right, looks like someone bent it. I even feel the ancestors of ours were more modern then we are today. All these people who can burn the world to ashes to match their needs and nitpicking violence is hampering and holding not only Muslims but also all kind of people of earth to show what is good and what we can archive if we walk along the same way. It is the same thing afterall we all seek…

    Reply
  36. tuğba tuğçe Posted on August 12, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    I am proud to be a part of this as a Turkish and a Muslim. However, these issues are never discussed in today's education system. We are removed from our own values ​​and culture. Regardless of your nationality, embrace your own culture.

    Reply
  37. Alex Sanchez Posted on August 12, 2019 at 8:45 pm

    Could create Beautiful shapes but cant stop a war,Great Logic

    Reply
  38. Tiger Posted on August 12, 2019 at 11:11 pm

    They didnt invent it it existed for thousand of years before the arab conquest lol what a joke of a video look up ancient assyrian sacred geometry

    Reply
  39. mehdi karpov Posted on August 13, 2019 at 12:34 am

    WOW Arabs have brains ?

    Reply
  40. Midget 17 Posted on August 13, 2019 at 4:51 am

    Makes me want to bring the golden age of Islamic culture back.

    Reply
  41. Trump-Support-2020 - Posted on August 13, 2019 at 6:51 am

    QURAN INCLUDES [email protected] of Islam; "Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book(Christians ,Jews,), until they pay the Jizya(non-muslim)tax with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.-Quran 9:29

    Reply
  42. Trump-Support-2020 - Posted on August 13, 2019 at 6:56 am

    "it is the law that no Muslim should be killed in Qisas (equality in punishment) for the killing of (a disbeliever)'said; Prophet Muhammad' Sahih Bukhari 1:3:111

    Reply
  43. Trump-Support-2020 - Posted on August 13, 2019 at 6:58 am

    The Jews call 'Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them<—(???).   —how they are deluded away from the Truth! Quran 9:30

    Reply
  44. vannia das Posted on August 14, 2019 at 4:35 pm

    Wow, terrific

    Reply
  45. Fatih Solak Posted on August 15, 2019 at 2:55 am

    Pen and paper skills are satisfying enough. Imagine applying these motives onto marble, rock and woods on massive scale without today's power tools and let them all be precise as in the paper.

    Reply
  46. Ann Jirjis Posted on August 15, 2019 at 1:40 pm

    The westerners had thought the muslim how to do it, or done it themselves for them, the western countries including the catholic church advance certain nationals such as the arab and the jews knowing that both have borrowed from other nations which they work to demote, it is terrible that this channel is participating in this lie, you are acting as lying bunch of devils…. the arab and the muslims have never and will never do anything work while other then by tremendous efforts wasted on them in particular to be called as "advanced people"…..

    Reply
  47. muthu ganapathy Posted on August 25, 2019 at 3:06 pm

    Zombie religion. Cancer to human mind

    Reply
  48. Hassan Roy Posted on August 25, 2019 at 4:07 pm

    That was golden era of Muslims. When Muslims destroyed Roman and Persian empires.

    Reply
  49. Mohamedzakymohamed Zanaty Posted on August 25, 2019 at 8:35 pm

    اى تصميم فية فكر وابداع يعجبنى

    Reply
  50. Mohamedzakymohamed Zanaty Posted on August 25, 2019 at 8:37 pm

    لكن انا مؤمن بفكرة …. جمال الاشياء فى بساطتها كل ماكان التصميم بسيط كان ارقى

    Reply
  51. KebenaranBukanMilikAndaAtaupunSaya Posted on August 26, 2019 at 3:50 pm

    What do you mean by islamic design? There is no such thing. That is arab design. Arab is not equal to islam.

    Reply
  52. Elnur Shabanov Posted on August 26, 2019 at 8:31 pm

    Amazing! Thank you. Very useful.

    Reply
  53. Zayyaf Entertainment Posted on August 27, 2019 at 6:24 am

    Well Technically , this is not ISLAMIC Art because there are no such instruction about such art in the Quran or hadith or any islamic scripture , just like a if a muslim invented mobile , you wont say , its an Islamic Invention , its an invention by Muslim. So Technically its more like Arabic or Muslim Art or may be Art of Islamic Golden Age , or something other than Islamic , since its not part of Islam.

    Reply
  54. Grizzly BƎAR Posted on August 29, 2019 at 5:40 am

    4:50 Square & Compass, The Freemasonic emblem. Now it makes sense.

    Reply
  55. Ahsan Nadeem Posted on August 29, 2019 at 8:32 am

    Now I know why most of the Muslim architects are so creative❤️

    Reply
  56. Constellation 2023 Posted on August 31, 2019 at 8:47 am

    @0:41 The narrator claims the supposed Golden Age of Islam was a thousand years ago and uses an image from 17th century Ottoman times. LOL
    Muslims are living their second tyranny today but nothing lasts forever. Glad tidings for Islamophobes: the Golden Age of Islam is yet to come!

    Reply
  57. Nea Zy Posted on August 31, 2019 at 11:16 am

    Im glad islam is portrayed this way. Theres a youtube video where a south korean man remembers turkish men helping them during the korean war. He thinks muslims are not the way they are portrayed in media today.

    Reply
  58. George Raptis Posted on September 1, 2019 at 10:29 am

    It is Greek to me.

    Reply
  59. Zaid Taaliyar Posted on September 2, 2019 at 2:19 pm

    Nobody:
    People in this comment section:
    I m not a muslim but…..😌

    Reply
  60. LESLIE TURNER Posted on September 2, 2019 at 8:52 pm

    Even though I have an astigmatism, I'm pretty sure my eyes are Islamic when I see these types of mesmerizing masterpieces. 👀💟❤💟❤💟❤

    Reply
  61. michael bayer Posted on September 3, 2019 at 3:11 am

    … its like a beautyfull Song and music in words of Geometrie – and we See God ist big Designer and constructeur.

    Reply
  62. fikri Mohamed amine Posted on September 3, 2019 at 5:33 am

    une précision de l art islamique eblouissante

    Reply
  63. Aline de Leandro Posted on September 3, 2019 at 6:24 am

    The Arabs also established the first universities & medical procedures. Without the Arabs, there would never have been a Renaissance in Europe (when the Arabs left Spain, the Vatican & courts of Europe rushed their scholars to pour over the books the Arabs had left behind to take back their know-how & eventually build on it). The Romans did the same thing when they finally defeated Carthage (originally Phoenicians) and hauled off to Rome all their books to learn their methods of agriculture, ship-building, construction, architecture, astronomy, warfare, etc., and make them their own. Eric Broug is very talented.

    Reply
  64. Aline de Leandro Posted on September 3, 2019 at 6:30 am

    Doing star patterns is great to relax the mind. Mindfulness and meditation happen as one has to very attentive and careful. One wrong move & the pattern is messed up. You have to keep your mind on what you're doing and you end up with a beautiful design and a beautiful mind/brain.

    Reply
  65. Yousef Ghaneemah Posted on September 4, 2019 at 5:02 am

    its called arabesq and it has nothing to do with romans or persians

    Reply
  66. Hasan Taufiq Posted on September 4, 2019 at 11:51 pm

    This design that I want to bring back in this era. InsyaAllah 😍

    Reply
  67. Arash Fariman Posted on September 5, 2019 at 4:00 pm

    Islam owes Iranian civilization for its huge dedications to architecture and arts.

    Reply
  68. Vineel Kumar Posted on September 6, 2019 at 10:54 am

    then you need to see shree yantra how perfect it is….

    Reply
  69. sinchiro ichihada Posted on September 6, 2019 at 1:38 pm

    Thats effect of adaptive mind under influence of extensive strict culture… Society always need variation in shape of daily matter… In islam, drawing a shape of living form is absolutly prohibited.. While necessary of art, as standart of social statute neither economy substance, is inevitable demand… Than foreign element adapted..

    But endless repeating pattern isn't represent ideology of islam-even contrary-, neither geometrical tessellation isn't arabs original culture… Actually, when islam spread, its kill half-if not entirely-arabian tribe culture n art… Many element such as painting n sculpture punished… Islam ideology is straight line, with beginning n ending.. Repeating pattern is adapted from persian that close with hindia, source of endless cycle ideology… N islam gain math n geometri technic from alexandria… The result of fusion from that every element is geometrical tessellation into endless repeating circular pattern…

    Reply
  70. N VDL Posted on September 6, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    It's faaaaaaaaaaaar way back than Islam. It comes from the time of Noah

    Reply
  71. Husnain Ali Posted on September 7, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    Simply wowwwww…

    Reply
  72. M Saad Ejaz Posted on September 7, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    Also in Pakistan the constructions built in Mughal Emperor are enriched with complex geometr, such as Mosque Wazir Khan.

    Reply
  73. M Saad Ejaz Posted on September 7, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    Also in Pakistan the constructions built in Mughal Emperor are enriched with complex geometr, such as Mosque Wazir Khan.

    Reply
  74. Aman Varma Posted on September 7, 2019 at 4:35 pm

    It's not the Islamic design which is the problem but the islam itself..
    Science & mathematics doesn't care about religion , in right conditions, breakthrough can come from any where..

    But so far, there are very less breakthroughs that have come through bcz of close minded & absolute nature of Islam..

    Islam is more of a political ideology hiding behind a religion..

    Reply
  75. Tariq Azeez Posted on September 7, 2019 at 5:49 pm

    Hats off to those💚

    Reply
  76. Optimezer Posted on September 7, 2019 at 6:30 pm

    This video show us islamic pattern in different view, actually they may interpret like that ; all of those patterns have sharp turning points and sharp shaped drawings like pentagon stars or sharp hektagons , this bring us before islamic religion , totemic arab gods lat menat and uzza"s rectangle drawings , after islamic religion, this biring us well known sharp shaped Mekka Kaba and explain us why islamic religion and its legal and social laws and punishments on arab people must be so sharp and inhuman, in conclusion i say pricesly; when a religion is so unrealistic and so far away from logic , this religion's social laws and orders also must be so sharp and strong

    Reply
  77. antoshahorosha Posted on September 7, 2019 at 9:44 pm

    Basically, they adopted the culture of the fertile crescent, which isn't surprising at all.

    Reply
  78. A Curious Engineer Posted on September 8, 2019 at 1:23 am

    Not Persian or Indian,it's Turkic,arabic and persian …Mixed…

    Reply
  79. DT Posted on September 8, 2019 at 1:03 pm

    Oh ya Islamic geometry
    Then please teded make a video on

    e=mc2 should be Jewish
    Calculus should be hindu
    Electric current Christian
    Why biased towards other faith teded

    Reply
  80. Husen Ahmad Masum Posted on September 8, 2019 at 2:49 pm

    Where did you find the information that Muslim craftsman took pre existing motifs from Roman & Persian culture n developed them??

    Reply
  81. uttam kumar Posted on September 8, 2019 at 5:31 pm

    Sorry to say to all you folks of around the globe, you and TED guy never heard or read about Indian intelligence of geometry and its applications around the world ages before the birth of Islam. You all need to just study deeper and broad your horizon..

    Reply
  82. Irfan Ali Posted on September 8, 2019 at 6:26 pm

    First observatory built in meden in 825. In India 1724 delhy, 1728 jaipur. Ujjen, mathura and banaras

    Reply
  83. Ĵĕ M'aṕṕelle MosTafa Refat Posted on September 9, 2019 at 2:13 am

    (وما خلقت الانمس والجن الا ليعبدون )
    i only create the world to worship). it is a verse in quran that every muslim all the must mention the Allah once and all especially in Mosque so cant be there any graphics in the mosque walls because in there you can only thinking about Allah that is a point i wanted to clear another point i want to mention that all historical mosques in Syria by Bashar elAssd son of Hafz elAsst and the isreal take the first mosque in islam

    Reply
  84. Danish Khan Posted on September 9, 2019 at 8:06 am

    I am looking at my 30 year old home floor since my child 😊hood its so complicated and😶🙎 if i focus on only one tile i see one design but if we add more and more tiles i see different design every time its so complicated and confusing😬 i saw them every morning from my bed and discover new design every day from the same tiles and really😆 they are unlimited designs……i love thiss kind of things😉

    Reply
  85. callmejee Posted on September 9, 2019 at 9:31 am

    Watching this is like seeing visuals when you trip with shrooms

    Reply
  86. khizer ahmed Posted on September 9, 2019 at 4:50 pm

    Buddy it's no "Madrasas" but "Madarsas

    Reply
  87. Irwan Chandra Posted on September 10, 2019 at 7:04 am

    Hey, thanks, u help me a lot with these video 😁😁 my art home work is done 😆😆😆

    Reply
  88. Nuke Em Posted on September 10, 2019 at 12:38 pm

    Im living in the capital city of math
    Baghdad

    Reply
  89. Nurealam Sabbir Posted on September 12, 2019 at 3:30 am

    i dont find the relation!! does qran and hadees naver says to use complex geometry?? then what an individual or some group of people doing is not consider Islamic culture. it may be Arab culture and nothing to do with islam

    Reply
  90. qfield Posted on September 12, 2019 at 8:19 pm

    Invading high cultures and stealing their heritage. The problem is there is nothing "Islamic" about these geometries and you still cant produce anything original. Nice voice though.

    Reply
  91. avant garde Posted on September 12, 2019 at 11:32 pm

    Not everything Arabic is Islamic. Call it Arabic. Culture and religion are two different entities. Especially Islam for most of the countries.

    Reply
  92. Fc king Sg Posted on September 13, 2019 at 4:16 pm

    YEAH ISLAM IS THE MASTER OF CHAOS.

    Reply
  93. Iustin Boz Posted on September 13, 2019 at 10:01 pm

    OMG that's so sensational!
    This is my first time see non-Muslim told the world something perfect like that about Islam 💜
    Thank u alot .
    Allah bless u 💙💙💙💙
    All love from Syria 🤘

    Reply
  94. The Merciful Posted on September 14, 2019 at 10:00 pm

    Suprisingly,people in the comments are not accusing us of terrorism when we have nothing to do with it..Thank God(Alhamdulilah as we say)..and thank you guys!

    Reply
  95. Justice Hussein Posted on September 15, 2019 at 5:34 am

    It's not "Islamic". These arts were made and flourished in Muslim Moorish dominated Andalusia, today Southern Spain. It certainly not Islamic, the religion didn't compelled or advocated it usage.

    Reply
  96. Humanity Science Posted on September 15, 2019 at 6:56 am

    It's time to start good relationship and brotherhood among all religion….
    This can be done only by keeping your wish of being supreme, egoistic nature and few other bad things apart…..

    Let's make this world better

    Reply
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